The SAT Reasoning Test is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. The SAT is developed by the College Board and administered by the Educational Testing Service. Currently, the test is three hours and 45 minutes long and costs $45. The SAT is offered seven times a year.
The SAT consists of three major sections: Mathematics, Critical Reading, and Writing. The mathematics section includes multiple-choice and fill-in questions on various topics of high-school math. The critical reading section includes questions related to reading comprehension and vocabulary. The writing section includes an essay and questions related to sentence structure and grammar.
Each section receives a score on a scale from 200 - 800. Total scores are calculated by adding up scores of the three sections. Each major section is divided into three subsections: there are a total of ten subsections, including an additional experimental section that may be in any of the three major sections. The experimental section does not count toward the final score.
All questions are multiple choice except for the essay and the grid-in math responses. All multiple-choice questions have five answer choices, one of which is correct. The questions are weighted equally. For each correct answer, one raw point is added. For each incorrect answer one-fourth of a point is deducted. No points are deducted for incorrect math grid-in questions. The questions of each subsection are generally ordered by difficulty, with the exception that the questions following the reading passages are organized chronologically with the passage.